Garden hardy mums produce an abundance of small, showy blooms of various forms. Daisy-like, pompoms or button chrysanthemums, they all withstand wind and rain till the winter frost comes.
While in many parts of the world, the flower symbolism associated with the white chrysanthemum is abundance, wealth, cheerfulness, optimism, truth, in some countries of Europe like France, Italy, Spain, Poland, Croatia, Romania, white chrysanthemums are symbolic of death and are used mainly for funerals or on graves.
Chrysanthemums were first cultivated in China as a flowering herb as far back as the 15th century BC and were brought to Europe in the 17th century.
Chrysanthemums are and always were the topic in hundreds of poems, songs and other literary genres, worldwide.